Location of the Netherlands

The Netherlands is the main constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. It is a densely populated country located in Western Europe with three island territories in the Caribbean. The European part of the Netherlands borders Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, sharing maritime borders with Belgium, the United Kingdom, and Germany.[1] The three largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam and The Hague. The port of Rotterdam is the world’s largest port outside East-Asia, and by far the largest port in Europe.[2]

The Netherlands has a market-based mixed economy, ranking 17th of 177 countries according to the Index of Economic Freedom.[3] It had the thirteenth-highest per capita income in the world in 2013 according to the International Monetary Fund.

For further information on the types of business entities in this country and their abbreviations, see “Business entities in Netherlands”.

Largest firms

This list shows firms in the Fortune Global 500, which ranks firms by total revenues reported before March 31, 2017. Only the top five firms (if available) are included as a sample.

Rank Image Name 2016 Revenues (USD $M) Employees Notes
7 Shell kantoor Den Haag.JPG Royal Dutch Shell $240,033 89,000 Multinational oil and gas “supermajor.” Regional divisions include Shell Oil Company (US), Shell Australia, Shell Canada, Shell Nigeria, and Shell Pakistan. Functional subsidiaries include Shell Chemicals and Shell Gas & Power.
20 LingottoPalazzina2.jpg Exor $154,894 302,562 Investment holding company based in Amsterdam, but controlled by the Agnelli family of Italy. Held investments include significant stakes in Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (UK), CNH Industrial (UK), and Ferrari (Italy).
94 Thai airways a340-600 hs-tna takeoff arp.jpg Airbus $73,628 133,782 Multinational corporation that manufacturers and designs aerospace products, including civil and military divisions. Note: registered headquarters is in Netherlands, “head office” is in France.
147 AegongebouwR0013788.JPG Aegon N.V. $58,789 29,380 Hague-based multinational life insurance, pensions and asset management company. Subsidiaries include Transamerica Corporation (US), Aegon UK, and Aegon Life Insurance Company.
163 ING Hoofdkantoor, Amsterdam (1).jpg ING Group $55,282 51,943 The Internationale Nederlanden Groep is an Amsterdam-based multinational financial services firm which provides retail banking, direct banking, commercial banking, investment banking, asset management, and insurance to more than 48 million customers worldwide.

Notable firms

This list includes notable companies with primary headquarters located in the country. The industry and sector follow the Industry Classification Benchmark taxonomy. Organizations which have ceased operations are included and noted as defunct.

Notable companies
     Active      State-owned      Defunct
Notable companies
Active      State-owned      Defunct
Name Industry Sector Headquarters Founded Notes
ABN AMRO Financials Banks Amsterdam 1991 Bank
Aegon N.V. Financials Life insurance The Hague 1983 Life insurance
Ahold Delhaize Consumer services Food retailers & wholesalers Zaandam 2016 Food retailer
AkzoNobel Basic materials Specialty chemicals Amsterdam 1994 Chemicals, paints, coatings
Amstel Brewery Consumer goods Brewers Zoeterwoude 1870 Brewery, part of Heineken International
Amsterdam Airport Schiphol Industrials Transportation services Amsterdam 1916 Airport
Aalberts Industries Industrials
Electrical components & equipment
Langbroek 2001 Installations, climate controls
Apollo Vredestein B.V. Consumer goods Automobiles parts Amsterdam 1909 Tires
ASML Holding Industrials Industrial machinery Veldhoven 1984 Photolithography equipment
ASN Bank Financials Banks The Hague 1960 Bank
Australian Homemade Consumer services Restaurants & bars Veenendaal 1979 Confectionery retailer
AVEBE Consumer goods Food products Veendam 1919 Startch
Bavaria Brewery Consumer goods Brewers Lieshout 1680 Brewery
Beter Bed Consumer services Specialty retailers Uden 1981 Furniture
Blendle Technology Internet Utrecht 2013 Online news platform
Booking.com Consumer services Travel & tourism Enschede 1996 Travel website
Bridge Global Technology Software Amsterdam 2005 IT Services & resource augmentation company with offices in NetherlandsSwedenUSAUkraine and India[5][6]
CNH Global Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks Amsterdam 1999 Defunct 2013
DAF Trucks Consumer goods Automobiles Eindhoven 1993 Part of Paccar (US)
Dockwise Industrials Marine transportation Breda 1993 Shipping
Donkervoort Consumer goods Automobiles Lelystad 1978 Sports cars
Douwe Egberts Consumer goods Soft drinks Utrecht 1753 Coffee, tea
DSM Health care Pharmaceuticals Heerlen 1902 Nutrition
eBuddy Technology Internet Amsterdam 2003 Messaging
Elsevier Consumer services Publishing Amsterdam 1880 Publisher
Endemol Consumer services Broadcasting & entertainment Amsterdam 1994 Television
Engineering Chemicals Basic materials Specialty chemicals Steenbergen 1990 Cleaning compounds and additives
Exact Software Technology Software Delft 1984 Financial software
Exor Financials Investment services Amsterdam 1927 Investment firm
FrieslandCampina Consumer goods Food products Amersfoort 2008 Dairy
Fugro Oil & gas Exploration & production Leidschendam 1962 Surveyors
General Logistics Systems Industrials Delivery services Amsterdam 1999 Logistics
Grolsch Brewery Consumer goods Brewers Enschede 1615 Brewery
Guerrilla Games Technology Software Amsterdam 2000 Part of Sony Interactive Entertainment (US)
Heerema Marine Contractors Oil & gas Oil equipment & services Leiden 1948 Support services
Heineken International Consumer goods Brewers Amsterdam 1864 Brewery
High-Logic Technology Software De Bilt 1997 Font software
Hunkemöller Consumer services Apparel retailers Hilversum 1886 Lingerie and nightwear
Hotels.nl Consumer services Travel & tourism Groningen 2001 Travel website
ING Group Financials Banks Amsterdam 1991 Financial services
IPTP Networks Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Amsterdam 1996 Telecom, ISP
KLM Consumer services Airlines Amstelveen 1919 Part of Air France-KLM (France)
KPMG Industrials Business support services Amstelveen 1987 Auditors
KPN Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications The Hague 1852 Telecom
LandFighter Consumer goods Automobiles Best 2011 All-terrain automotive
Liander Utilities Conventional electricity Arnhem 2008 Electrical distributor
Lucas Bols Consumer goods Distillers & vintners Amsterdam 1575 Alcoholic beverages
Martinair Consumer services Airlines Amsterdam 1958 Airline
NedCar Consumer goods Automobile Born 1967 Part of VDL Groep
Nipparts Consumer goods Auto parts Amsterdam 1981 Supplier of parts for Japanese and Korean cars
Nutricia Consumer goods Food products Amsterdam 1896 Part of Danone (France)
Nuon Energy Utilities Multiutilities Amsterdam 1995 Electricity, gas, heat
NXP Semiconductors Technology Semiconductors Eindhoven 1953 Semiconductors and electronics
Océ Technology Electronic office equipment Venlo 1877 Copiers, printers
Philips Consumer goods Consumer electronics Eindhoven 1891 Electronics
Rabobank Financials Banks Utrecht 1972 Financial services
Randstad Holding Industrials Business support services Diemen 1960 HR consulting
Royal BAM Group Industrials Heavy construction Bunnik 1869 Construction
Royal Boskalis Westminster Industrials Heavy construction Papendrecht 1910 Marine construction
Royal Dutch Shell Oil & gas Integrated oil & gas The Hague 1890 Multinational oil & gas
Royal Imtech N.V. Industrials Electrical components & equipment Gouda 1860 Manufacturing, defunct 2015
Royal Wessanen Consumer goods Food products Amsterdam 1765 Food
SBM Offshore Oil & gas Oil equipment & services Schiedam 1965 Oil systems and services
Serpent Model Racing Cars Consumer goods Recreational products Heemstede 1980 Radio-controlled cars
SHV Holdings Industrials Diversified industrials Utrecht 1896 Trading
Spyker Cars Consumer goods Automobiles Zeewolde 1999 Automotive
Stork B.V. Industrials Aerospace Naarden 1868 Aerospace support
Tele2 Netherlands Telecommunications Fixed line telecommunications Amsterdam 1993 Telecom
Telfort Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Alphen aan den Rijn 1997 Mobile, part of KPN
TMF Group Industrials Financial administration Amsterdam 1988 Accounting
TNT Express Industrials Delivery services Haarlemmermeer 2011 Courier
TomTom Technology Software Amsterdam 1991 Navigation software
Tony’s Chocolonely Consumer goods Food products Amsterdam 2005 Confectionery
Transavia Consumer services Airlines Haarlemmermeer 1965 Airline
Triodos Bank Financials Banks Zeist 1980 Bank
Trust Technology Computer hardware Dordrecht 1981 Computer peripherals
TUI fly Netherlands Consumer services Airlines Haarlemmermeer 2005 Airline
Unilever Consumer goods Personal products Rotterdam 1930 General consumer goods
Vanguard Dutch Marine Consumer goods Recreational products Heerenveen 2008 Luxury yacht manufacturer
VDL Bus Chassis Industrials Commercial vehicles & trucks Valkenswaard 1993 Bus manufacturing
Vedior Industrials Business training & employment agencies Amsterdam 1998 Staffing
Verenigde Nederlandse Uitgeverijen Consumer services Publishing Haarlem 1964 Publisher
Vodafone Netherlands Telecommunications Mobile telecommunications Maastricht 1995 Joint venture between Liberty Global (US) and Vodafone (UK)
Wavin Industrials Building materials & fixtures Zwolle 1955 Pipes
Weis Post en Pakket Service International Delivery Package Delivery Elst 2003 Fastest growning package & delivery company
Wolters Kluwer Idustrials Business support services Alphen aan den Rijn 1836 Publisher and information services